خالد عبدالله پور علیرضا کوچکی مهدی نصیری محلاتی سرور خرم دل


به‌منظور بررسي اثر نسبت‌هاي مختلف كشت بر عملكرد و اجزاي عملكرد گیاه دارویی سیاه‌دانه ( L. Nigella sativa) و شنبلیله (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) در سری‌های افزایشی، آزمایشی در قالب طرح پایه بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با شش تیمار و سه تکرار در مزرعه پژوهشي دانشكده كشاورزي دانشگاه فردوسي مشهد در سال زراعی 95-1394 اجرا شد. تیمارها شامل کشت مخلوط افزایشی 25% سیاه‌دانه+ 100% شنبلیله، 50% سیاه‌دانه+ 100% شنبلیله، 75% سیاه‌دانه+ 100% شنبلیله، 100% سیاه‌دانه+ 100% شنبلیله و کشت خالص هر دو گونه بودند. نتایج نشان داد که تعداد شاخه جانبی در بوته، تعداد کپسول/غلاف در بوته، تعداد دانه در کپسول/غلاف، عملکرد تک بوته، عملکرد دانه و عملکرد بیولوژیکی برای هر دو گونه به‌طور معنی‌داری تحت تأثیر نسبت‌های کشت مخلوط قرار گرفت. با افزایش نسبت سیاه‌دانه در کشت مخلوط، عملکرد دانه و بیولوژیکی آن افزایش یافت، به‌طوری‌که بیشترین (291 کیلوگرم در هکتار) عملکرد دانه از کشت خالص و کمترین (107 کیلوگرم در هکتار) میزان آن در تیمار 25% سیاه‌دانه+ 100% شنبلیله حاصل شد. همچنین تیمار کشت خالص شنبلیله دارای بالاترین (655 کیلوگرم در هکتار) عملکرد دانه بود. در كليه نسبت‌های مخلوط LER بالاتر از یک بود و تيمار 75% سیاه‌دانه + 100% شنبلیله با 24/1LER= در بالاترین سطح قرار گرفت که این امر نشان‌دهنده افزایش کارایی و سودمندي زراعی نسبت‌های مختلف کشت مخلوط دو گیاه شنبلیله و سیاه‌دانه نسبت به کشت خالص آن‌ها است.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

سری‌های افزایشی, گیاه دارویی, نسبت برابری زمین

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ارجاع به مقاله
عبدالله پورخ., کوچکیع., نصیری محلاتیم., & خرم دلس. (2019). اثر نسبت‌های کشت مخلوط افزایشی سیاه‌دانه (L. Nigella sativa) و شنبلیله (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) بر عملکرد و اجزای عملکرد آن‌ها. پژوهشهای زراعی ایران, 18(1), 31-47. https://doi.org/10.22067/gsc.v18i1.71335
نوع مقاله
علمی پژوهشی